Posted in Film

3 Stages of Production


  • Idea generation
  • Scriptwriting
  • Character development
  • Story development
  • Shot list


  • Planning
  • Funding (sponsors, lottery etc)
  • Storyboarding/animatic
  • Casting
  • Location scouting
  • Set building
  • Updated script
  • Costume design
  • Prop design


  • Actually filming/ making the game/movie/animation etc
  • Live audio
  • Live special effects
  • Video effects- CGI & compositing
  • Stunts


  • Production is put together & edited
  • Effects
  • Soundscape- foley, sound effects
  • Video effects- CGI & compositing
  • Marketing/merchandising
  • Trailers
  • Release date
  • Pre-release screenings
  • Edit Decision List (Paper edit)
  • Soundtrack

Screen Shot 2017-09-14 at 09.55.42.pngScreen Shot 2017-09-14 at 09.54.38.pngScreen Shot 2017-09-14 at 09.54.50.pngScreen Shot 2017-09-14 at 09.55.00.pngScreen Shot 2017-09-14 at 09.55.10.pngScreen Shot 2017-09-14 at 09.55.20.png

Posted in Uncategorized

Elements & Principles of art and design

Positive and negative spaces.

Elements of design are the parts- they structure & carry the work.

Principles of design are concepts- they affect content and message.

Semiotics theory is what all designs are based on.

Elements of design:

  • Line- strokes that show motion & connect two points. May be vertical, horizontal or diagonal, curved, straight, zig zag or show emotion.
  • Form- Shows an object in space, the mass or positive space it occupies. The term is usually used when describing 3d shapes.
  • Space- What is between objects, also known as negative space.
  • Texture- The feel, real or implied, on an object or its surface.
  • Shape- Area enclosed when both sides of a line meet, shapes can be geometric or organic.
  • Colour- Hue. May be complimentary, analogous, primary, secondary, tertiary, or part of a colour wheel.
  • Value- The lightness or darkness of an object or colour. Often used with drawings.

Principles of design-

  • Emphasis- When one area in a work of art stands out more than another. The part that catches your attention first. (e.g. rule of thirds)
  • Movement- The motion created in a work of art. Often uses the principle of rhythm to achieve this.
  • Unity- The feeling of wholeness of the parts belonging together.
  • Rhythm- The repetition of lines, shapes or colours to create a feeling of movement.
  • Contrast- A difference created when elements are placed next to each other in a work of art.
  • Variety- The use of different lines, shapes and colours in a piece of work.
Posted in Sidescroller

Sidescroller retro & pixel games

Typically, retro games refer to older games played on arcade machines and old game consoles such as the SNES, Atari and Gameboy Advance.

They usually take on a pixel art style for the game and use side-scrolling platformers such as Super Mario Bros and Metroid or use single stages to act as a level such as Pacman, Space Invaders and Pong.


While I may not have been in the right age range to be able to play these retro games when they first came out, I appreciate and adore the pixel aesthetic and designs used in these games as they look cartoony but also somewhat realistic- such as in The Legend Of Zelda for the NES.


While I’ve not managed to play a lot of the game, I like the style and simplicity of the levels but also the details in the backgrounds such as the shading.

As an artist, the pixel art used in retro games and the art that has come from these series interests me greatly as I would love to learn how to create them as it looks like a great amount of time, effort and love into their drawings- which I hope to one day achieve in my own art one day.


Mad Father-

Mad Father is a survival horror role-playing puzzle game in which you play as Aya who lost her mother due to sickness a few years prior. On the anniversary of her death, she begins to discover corpses around her house in which you have to avoid the walking dead around her house to discover the sinister plot her father has been hiding from her about the real fate of her mother.

madfather1 22033_4i_love_you

The game was made within the Wolf RPG Editor by Sen, a Japanese developer.

The character design in game is very interesting, particularly with the main character- Aya as the large bow in her hair stands out against the dark and gloomy background, showing that she doesn’t quite belong in these spooky and creepy settings which I think works very well to get us to sympathize and empathize with her character and involve us in the game more.

The story is very well made as playing through it, you become scared of the monsters that appear from nowhere and the puzzles to hide from the monsters are fun and tie into the story. There are different endings which make the game more personal to you whether to go through different routes and options to get endings until you get an ending you are satisfied with.

The background follows the dark and creepy atmosphere of the house very well, with it all following similar dark colour schemes to show that it’s in the same setting and house, even though you go through different rooms.

I enjoy this game because of the compelling storyline and beautiful art in the endings, as well as the creepiness of the overall game.




Ib is a psychological role-playing horror, adventure, puzzle game in which you play as nine-year-old Ib who becomes trapped in an alternate world via a painting in an art gallery called ‘Fabricated World’, where you search for a way for her to return to her own world. Along the way you meet Garry who helps her on her quest to get out of the ‘Fabricated World’. Additionally, the pair meet Mary, who is not what she seems. Much like Mad Father, the player’s actions throughout the game determine the ending such as whether Garry lives or dies, as well as the fate of Mary and whether Ib and Garry remember the experiences they had in the Fabricated World.



The game was made in RPG Maker 2000 by a Japanese artist called Kouri.

The character design is very unique to each character, with Ib’s reds making her stand out against the dark surroundings, showing that she doesn’t quite belong, with red being a compassionate and emotionally intense colour, getting us to empathize with her and goes well with her caring personality and matches her design very well.

Garry’s blues and purples indicate his intelligence, loyalty and trustful nature which is shown in his gentle personality and how he puts his trust in Ib and the player to keep him alive throughout the game.

Mary’s yellows and greens- while sometimes meaning optimism and safety, it can also mean deceit, greed and jealousy, which ties in well with her personality and how she may seem sweet on the outside, but is very sinister in reality.

While following the typical dark and creepy colour palette in the backgrounds, it also has unsettling colours that don’t tend to fit in with the rest of the backgrounds in the game, bright and unusual colours to show that it’s not quite real but still serves to creep you out- especially later in the story where it breaks down into Mary’s imagination, in which she is making the world and has even more scary and almost disturbing content.


I like this game because of the confusing twists and turns you have to take to uncover the full story, how you feel deceived by characters you thought you could trust and how you have to work to save everyone in the game to get the feeling of satisfaction that you got the good ending.



Undertale is a role-playing game that remembers your actions and affects what happens in the game and which end you may get. You can choose whether to befriend or kill everyone, which in turn affects what happens even after you finish the game and want to play it again. It’s been described as ‘the game that never forgets’. It challenges our ideas of what an RPG game is, rewarding you for sparing creatures rather than killing them such as in the Pokemon series.

(The first time you play vs the second/third etc.)

Screen Shot 2017-09-14 at 12.49.25.pngScreen Shot 2017-09-14 at 12.48.42.png


The game was made in the Game Maker: Studio engine by Toby Fox including additional art from Temmie Chang. I adore this game for its amazing music, relatable characters and how you feel that your actions directly impact what happens in your specific game, with no two games being alike which makes the replayability factor even stronger in this game.

The character design is unique and special to each and every character in the game, with no two being alike in style or aesthetics. Bright colours to stand out against the gorgeous settings, yet each character fits perfectly into whichever area they are originally from.  Each character acts differently depending on how you choose the game, your choices deciding how they interact with you at any given time, countless dialogue and hidden storylines that you may never even find.

The background design is simple yet effective, with each area having a different feel and aesthetic as you continue through the game. From warm and inviting in the beginning to cold and unnerving as you progress further.



I adore this game for its amazing music, relatable characters and how you feel that your actions directly impact what happens in your specific game, with no two games being alike which makes the replayability factor even stronger in this game.

Rayman: Legends-

The character design is interesting and shows off many characters as well as many costumes to customise the character you play as. rl_online_challenges_key_art-1024x497

I like this game because of the unique art style and extremely detailed backgrounds in each and every level.


tenorCuphead is a 2D run-and-gun shooter game. The game follows Cuphead and his brother Mugman after they lose to the Devil in gambling, the game centred around the consequences and how they have to take down several bosses and beat stages in the game to repay their debt and earn back their freedom.


This game was made in Unity by brothers Chad & Jared Moldenhauer as StudioMDHR Entertainment.


The background design is very detailed and is inspired by how backgrounds were made in 1930s cartoons, with each and every background being a watercolour painting with the characters placed on top of the background but not necessarily interacting with the background in any way. It was very easy to use this style for the backgrounds because you can keep a static image and not have to have things in the background constantly- only putting in the characters/ places in the game you need at that moment.


The character design is simple yet very effective, with clear colours and a unique colour palette and level for each character. The way the characters behave even when they’re not fighting interests me as every boss and enemy acts different and holds themselves differently to show off more of their personality. The game was heavily based off of 1930s cartoons, using surreal and unsettling characters to show what cartoons used to be like and how different they compare to today.

I love this game because of it’s amazing and unique art style that you don’t see much of, if at all anymore and how each scene and character was made by hand drawing them which you don’t see anymore as it’s easier to do everything on the computer. xvoyk42giphy1

Posted in Uncategorized


good for inspiration:


doodlers anonymous


alpha channel (transparency)

.svg (scale-able vector graphics)

screen resolution & printing resolution are d i f f e r e n t

standard screen resolution- 72 dpi

standard printing resolution- 300 dpi

animated gif

.tiff (photography, uncompressed file type- gives good quality images)

rgb- red green & blue (for display)

cymk- cyan, yellow, magenta & black (for printing)

ctrl/cmd + a- select everything

backspace- delete

ctrl/cmd + 0- fit screen

ctrl/cmd + x – delete
ctrl/cmd + – = zooms out
ctrl/cmd + += zooms in

spacebar- can move the screen

ctrl/cmd + shift + s- save file for first time

Posted in Unit 3, Unit 53- 2D & Stop Motion Animation

2D Film Research

Princess and the Frog.

Princess and the frog was made using hand drawn animation- similar to their classic films which used cell animation.

Cell animation was made on clear sheets of plastic, with the background and character on separate sheets so everything wouldn’t have to be constantly redrawn for each frame of animation.



Posted in Unit 3, Unit 53- 2D & Stop Motion Animation

Stop Motion Evaluation

My idea for the animation was a part of the ‘Animated Alphabet’ in which I had the letter ‘Z’. I enjoy the Legend of Zelda series and when I realised that I had props that I could use to link it to the project, I was inspired and made it.

Originally, I had a lot more fighting in my scenes but I had to cut it down and couldn’t have the scenes that I had in my storyboards as they were too long and complicated.

I’m happy with the props I used as I feel the animation turned out well even if it did take a very long time and it was frustrating that I couldn’t do this the way I had planned it out.

The colour scheme is what I expected as they all are similar and are from the same series so the props and figures I used equally match each other in sense of style and theme.

The project took a while to plan as I wasn’t sure what I was doing, but then I was able to film everything in a day, as well as put it all into an actual animation in a day which made it a lot easier as it was getting nearer to when it had to be due in. However, I could have used my time more efficiently by planning it quicker, which would have been helpful if I had more help and advice with what to do for it.

The technique of taking the pictures and the focus on the props was easy to learn and worked really well for this project. Since it was a matter of taking pictures and putting them into Premier Pro, it was fairly simple and I was glad since I didn’t know much about the program.

My peers thought my animation was good and that I was able to do it well, especially considering we were only allowed to make the animation 5 seconds long.

I think my animation works well for what it is, but if I were to do it again, I would like to make the badges more projectile like I had originally planned in my storyboard.